The existence of transaction taxes reduces transactions, and in the case of housing, reduces household mobility and affects the costs of downsizing in dire times. We construct and estimate an overlapping generation model in which households are heterogeneous in age and earnings, and prudential regulation and the tax system are modeled in fine detail. These housing and public policies are likely to affect markets globally, and clearing both rental and property markets is important when evaluating them. We use the institutional and data setting of France, where transactions taxes are some of the highest in Europe, and evaluate the counterfactual impact of reducing transaction taxes from 14% to 6%, similar to US levels. The impact on transactions is strong, but the impact on welfare remains limited.
Heterogenous agents; dynamic structural models; general equilibrium; housing; transaction taxes;
- C68: Computable General Equilibrium Models
- D58: Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
- H31: Household
- R21: Housing Demand
- R31: Housing Supply and Markets
Christian Bontemps, Frédéric Cherbonnier, and Thierry Magnac, “Reducing transaction taxes on housing in highly regulated economies””, TSE Working Paper, n. 23-1486, November 2023.
TSE Working Paper, n. 23-1486, November 2023