Working paper

L'effet surface/volume et ses limites

Claude Crampes, and Michel Moreaux


By increasing the size of production, storage and transport equipment, private and public entrepreneurs want to take advantage of an increase in volume (outputs) proportionally greater than the increase in surface (inputs). But the economies of scale are limited by the strength of the materials, the distance to supply and service points, and the risks of accidents, congestion and loss of control, which are all the more serious as the equipment is large. The article studies the gains and costs induced by the surface/volume effect in the main industrial sectors.


Economies d' échelle; stockage; transport; risque industriel;

JEL codes

  • L63: Microelectronics • Computers • Communications Equipment
  • L9: Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities
  • O14: Industrialization • Manufacturing and Service Industries • Choice of Technology
  • N7: Transport, Trade, Energy, Technology, and Other Services


Claude Crampes, and Michel Moreaux, L'effet surface/volume et ses limites, TSE Working Paper, n. 21-1200, April 2021.

See also

Published in

TSE Working Paper, n. 21-1200, April 2021