Article

Repetition: Medicine for a Short-Run Remission

Elodie Alet, Liliane Bonnal, and Pascal Favard

Abstract

This paper estimates the treatment effect of grade repetition on subsequent schooling performances in France. We correct for potential selection issues associated with grade retention, using a multi-stage econometric model. We find that early grade repetition (Grade 1 or 2) leads to an increase in test scores in the very short-run (in grade 3) but this positive effect is only transitory, as it becomes negative 3 or 4 years after the retention (in grade 6).

Keywords

grade retention; treatment effect; endogeneity;

Replaces

Elodie Alet, Liliane Bonnal, and Pascal Favard, Repetition: Medicine for a Short-Run Remission, TSE Working Paper, May 2012.

Published in

Annales d'Économie et de Statistique, Paris: Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, n. 111-112, 2014, pp. 227–250