We investigate the role of industry specialization in horizontal cross-border merg- ers and acquisitions. We find that acquirers from more specialized industries in a country are more likely to buy foreign targets in countries that are less specialized in these same industries. The role of industry specialization in foreign acquisitions is more prevalent when contracting inefficiencies and exporting costs limit arms' length relationships. The economic gains in cross-border deals are larger when spe- cialized acquirers purchase assets in less specialized industries. These results are consistent with an internalization motive for foreign acquisitions, through which acquirers can apply localized intangibles on foreign assets.
Laurent Fresard, Ulrich Hege, and Gordon Phillips, “Extending Industry Specialization through Cross-Border Acquisitions”, The Review of Financial Studies, vol. 30, n. 5, 2017, pp. 1539–1582.
The Review of Financial Studies, vol. 30, n. 5, 2017, pp. 1539–1582