Interest-Only Mortgages and Consumption Growth: Evidence from a Mortgage Market Reform

Natalia Khorunzhina (Copenhagen Business School)

May 30, 2023, 15:30–16:50

Room Auditorium 4

Econometrics and Empirical Economics Seminar


We use household-level data to analyze how the introduction of interest-only mortgages in Denmark affected consumption expenditure and borrowing. Using an ex-ante measure of exposure to the interest-only mortgage reform motivated by mortgage-payment and leverage constraints, we show that households more likely to use an interest-only mortgage to relax their mortgage-payment constraint increased consumption following the reform. This increase in consumption is financed by borrowing at the time of refinancing and by borrowers with lower pre-reform leverage and higher needs for liquidity. We find even larger post-reform consumption growth for the leverage-constrained homeowners through house-price growth stimulated by the reform. (with Claes Backman)

See also