Marco Bonomo, René Garcia, Nour Meddahi, and Roméo Tédongap, The long and the short of the risk-return trade-off?, Journal of Econometrics, vol. 187, n. 2, August 2015, pp. 580–592.


The relationship between conditional volatility and expected stock market returns, the so-called riskreturn trade-off, has been studied at high- and low-frequency. We propose an asset pricing model with generalized disappointment aversion preferences and short- and long-run volatility risks that captures several stylized facts associated with the risk-return trade-off at short and long horizons. Writing the model in Bonomo et al. (2011) at the daily frequency, we aim at reproducing the moments of the variance premium and realized volatility, the long-run predictability of cumulative returns by the past cumulative variance, the short-run predictability of returns by the variance premium, as well as the daily autocorrelation patterns at many lags of the VIX and of the variance premium, and the daily crosscorrelations of these two measures with leads and lags of daily returns. By keeping the same calibration as in this previous paper, we ensure that the model is capturing the first and second moments of the equity premium and the risk-free rate, and the predictability of returns by the dividend yield. Overall adding generalized disappointment aversion to the Kreps–Porteus specification improves the fit for both the short-run and the long-run risk-return trade-offs.


Equilibrium asset pricing; Time-aggregation; Realized measures;

JEL codes

  • C1: Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
  • C5: Econometric Modeling
  • G1: General Financial Markets
  • G11: Portfolio Choice • Investment Decisions
  • G12: Asset Pricing • Trading Volume • Bond Interest Rates