We analyze whether the introduction of unemployment insurance (UI hereafter) benefits in developing countries would reduce the effort made by unemployed to secure a new job in the formal sector. We show that one shot UI benefits unambiguously increase the effort to secure a new job in the formal sector. The relative strength of income/substitution effects only determine how leisure and informal activities are affected. Consequently, our (partial equilibrium) analysis reveals that short term UI benefits in developing countries do not reduce incentives to secure a new formal job and therefore cannot be interpreted as a subsidy to the informal sector.
Unemployment insurance; informal sector; income effects; developing countries;
- H55: Social Security and Public Pensions
- I38: Government Policy • Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J65: Unemployment Insurance • Severance Pay • Plant Closings
David Bardey, Fernando Jaramillo et Ximena Peña, « Unemployment Insurance in the Presence of an Informal Sector », The World Bank Economic Review, vol. 29, 2015, p. 126–134.
David Bardey et Fernando Jaramillo, « Unemployment insurance and informality in developing countries », TSE Working Paper, n° 11-257, septembre 2011, révision novembre 2011.
TSE Working Paper, n° 11-257, septembre 2011, révision novembre 2011