This paper discusses the feasibility and performances of simple mechanisms to implement international environmental agreements in the multilateral externalities context of global warming. Asymmetric information and voluntary participation by sovereign and heterogenous countries are key constraints on the design of those agreements. Mechanisms must prevent two sorts of free-riding problems - free riding in effort provision and free riding in participation. As markets might fail to solve simultaneously those two problems, we construct instead a simple menu of options that trades off the provision of incentives for participating countries and the provision of incentives to participate.With such mechanism, all countries voluntary contribute to a fund, although at different intensities, but only the most efficient ones effectively reduce their pollution below its “business as usual” level.
David Martimort et Wilfried Sand-Zantman, « Solving the GlobalWarming Problem: Beyond Markets, Simple Mechanisms May Help! », Canadian Journal of Economics, Toronto, vol. 46, n° 2, mai 2013, p. 361–378.
David Martimort et Wilfried Sand-Zantman, « Solving the GlobalWarming Problem: Beyond Markets, Simple Mechanisms May Help! », TSE Working Paper, n° 12-340, octobre 2012.
TSE Working Paper, n° 12-340, octobre 2012