Reference

Marita Laukkanen, and Céline Nauges, Environmental and Production Cost Impact of No-Till: Estimates from Observed Behavior, TSE Working Paper, n. 09-125, December 11, 2009.

Abstract

No-till has been promoted as a cultivation method that reduces both production costs and the environmental impacts of farming relative to conventional tillage. Using farmlevel data from Finland, we show that no-till has no statistically significant effect on total variable costs but that it increases the use of plant protection products and fertilizers, and decreases the use of labor. An environmental impact simulation combining the results on input use with a nutrient and herbicide runoff model predicts that no-till produces environmental benefits on highly erodible land, but may be even detrimental to the environment in average conditions.

Marita Laukkanen, and Céline Nauges, Environmental and production cost impacts of no-till in Finland: Estimates from observed behavior, Land Economics, vol. 87, n. 3, August 2011, pp. 508–527.