Working paper

A dynamic model of effort choice in high school

Olivier De Groote

Abstract

I estimate a dynamic model of educational decisions. Students choose effort through the academic level of their program and the likelihood of performance. This differs from traditional approaches that assume performance follows an exogenous law of motion. I investigate high school tracking policies and obtain the following results: (1) encouraging underperforming students to switch to less academic programs reduces grade retention and dropout, (2) the decrease in the number of college graduates is small, and (3) in a traditional approach, we would ignore changes in unobserved study effort and find a large decrease in the number of college graduates.

Keywords

high school curriculum; early tracking; dynamic discrete choice; CCP estimation;

JEL codes

  • C61: Optimization Techniques • Programming Models • Dynamic Analysis
  • I26:
  • I28: Government Policy

Reference

Olivier De Groote, A dynamic model of effort choice in high school, TSE Working Paper, n. 19-1002, March 2019, revised November 2019.

See also

Published in

TSE Working Paper, n. 19-1002, March 2019, revised November 2019