We develop a model of the politics of state capacity building undertaken by incum-bent parties that have a comparative advantage in clientelism rather than in public goods provision. The model predicts that, when challenged by opponents, clientelistic incumbents have the incentive to prevent investments in state capacity. We provide empirical support for the model’s implications by studying policy decisions by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) that affected local state capacity across Mex-ican municipalities and over time. Our difference-in-differences and instrumental variable identification strategies exploit a national shock that threatened the Mexican government’s hegemony in the early 1960s. The intensity of this shock, which varied across municipalities, was partly explained by severe droughts that occurred during the 1950s.
- D72: Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
- D73: Bureaucracy • Administrative Processes in Public Organizations • Corruption
- Q15: Land Ownership and Tenure • Land Reform • Land Use • Irrigation • Agriculture and Environment
Leopoldo Fergusson, Horacio Larreguy et Juan Felipe Riano, « Political Competition and State Capacity: Evidence from a Land Allocation Program in Mexico », The Economic Journal, vol. 132, n° 648, novembre 2022, p. 2815–2834.
Leopoldo Fergusson, Horacio Larreguy et Juan Felipe Riano, « Political Competition and State Capacity: Evidence from a Land Allocation Program in Mexico », TSE Working Paper, n° 22-1293, janvier 2022.
TSE Working Paper, n° 22-1293, janvier 2022