Henrik Andersson, and Mikael Ögren, “Noise Charges in Road Infrastructure: A Pricing Schedule Based on the Marginal Cost Principle”, "Journal of Transportation Engineering", vol. 137, n. 12, December 2011.
One way of mitigating the negative effects of noise from road traffic is to include the external cost of noise in a road charging system. This study shows how standardized calculation methods for road traffic noise can be used together with monetary estimates of the social cost of noise exposure to calculate charges based on the social marginal cost. Using Swedish data on traffic volume and individuals exposed to road noise, together with official Swedish monetary values for noise exposure, we estimate road-noise charges for cars and heavy vehicles.